German Election program
Environment, Agriculture, Animal and Consumer Protection
We PIRATES are committed to ecologically, economically and socially sustainable development. By this we mean a responsible and generationally just use of the resources of an immaterial or material nature that are necessary for general well-being. We demand the extension of the Basic Law to include an Article 20b in which the principle of sustainability is anchored as a state objective with the wording “The state shall observe the principle of sustainability in its actions”.
Introduction of an environmental code and abolition of mining law
More than 50 years after the enactment of the first environmental laws, it is time to summarise them in a clear and transparent way. We PIRATEN advocate the establishment of a federal environmental code in which the relevant laws and ordinances are compiled analogously to the social codes.
We demand the abolition of mining law. The mining law currently in force is part of a tradition of non-transparent, undemocratic, authoritarian and authoritarian legislation that undermines fundamental rights in projects such as fracking, open-cast lignite mining and CCS (Carbon Capture & Storage) and prevents the pending revision of environmental legislation. The necessary new regulations to replace mining law should be included in the Federal Environmental Code to be created.
Water is a communal good and must be available to every citizen. We PIRATEN stand for the remunicipalisation of water supply, as it serves as a basic supply infrastructure. We strive for a high quality of drinking water and want to achieve this also through the reduction of pollutants. The Drinking Water Ordinance should be regularly adapted to the latest findings on water constituents. As a matter of principle, private households should be allowed to supply their own water. If a private domestic water supply is possible, we reject a compulsory connection to the municipal drinking water network. Quality control is to be carried out on one’s own responsibility.
Waste water is a valuable material and we strive for a resource-saving handling of the valuable ingredients. We advocate the abolition of the obligation to connect domestic wastewater to the sewage network if compliance with the effluent parameters according to the EU Framework Directive is ensured on one’s own responsibility. Industrial waste water and waste water from hospitals must be suitably pretreated. Mixing with domestic waste water is to be avoided.
Water resources must be kept free from impairment. In all areas, interventions in the soil must be checked for their compatibility with water protection and adapted if necessary.
For agriculture, forestry, fisheries and food, our goal is to manage in balance with the natural balance and in the most regional cycles possible.
The problem areas in agriculture, forestry, fisheries and the food industry are numerous. Often, the lack of equitable structures, lack of transparency and the struggle for supremacy are the actual causes that lead to the excessive use of natural resources and bring systems that were previously capable of regeneration to the brink of collapse. Regulatory frameworks are therefore necessary here, which we PIRATEN want to shape. There are just as many solutions to many questions. We want to pave the way for these in a process of open, fact-based discussion involving all interest groups.
Our priorities for the coming years are:
Preserving, using and developing regional diversity
We see the preservation and development of diverse, small-scale farming structures as a contribution to greater adaptive capacity (resilience). We are convinced that diversity in food production, adapted to local conditions, in the hands of many independent and self-determined actors ensure food security and quality of life in urban and rural areas. Urban and suburban agriculture and garden culture shortens transport routes, directly serves nutrition and knowledge transfer, fulfils many human needs and is therefore to be promoted.
Valuing soil beyond speculative thinking
Soil is the carrier of our food, and it also possesses valuable buffer and storage capacities. Soil loss and degradation needs active countermeasures to preserve the ecosystem services of soil that serve all.
Soil prices are developing completely independently of this appreciation. Where soil becomes a disposal mass in capital investments and speculative objects, strict regulatory frameworks must curtail motivation.
Building and preserving humus
CO2 can be removed from the atmosphere immediately and everywhere by building up humus in the soil. In humus, CO2 is removed from the atmosphere through the build-up of biomass and part of it is permanently stored as carbon in the soil. We see the knowledge of this and its application as the ideal way to counter the consequences of climate change and to restore important soil functions such as soil fertility and buffering capacity.
Humus depletion through drainage of peat soils and peat use must be urgently reduced. Alternatives such as paludiculture and the extraction of peat substitutes must be eligible for support under the CAP.
Using plant carbon
Vegetable carbon has the potential to provide many answers to pressing questions. The knowledge of positive effects in animal husbandry, in arable farming, for humus formation, in compost management, for decentralised energy production, for sewage sludge disposal and much more deserves more attention and dissemination. The regionally organised, appropriate use of plant charcoal (pyrolysis charcoal) should be expanded. A plant charcoal programme could be developed in a citizens’ assembly.
For forestry, the decentralised construction of pyrolysis plants offers a sensible valorisation for drought-induced felled timber.
Treat farm and wild animals with respect
Good husbandry practices for farm animals are based on the needs of the animals. The continuous development of standards in animal husbandry according to scientific findings and their application are our goal. The current standards are not yet optimal in many respects. Small farms should be able to receive financial support for investments in the implementation of new standards.
Fishing quotas must be set by a scientifically proven measure of sustainability. The federal government must work to strengthen the European programme to combat illegal fishing.
The wolf naturally belongs in Germany’s wildlife fauna. The knowledge of the factually correct handling of these wild animals must be promoted and consolidated by institutions. Pastoralists are entitled to full support to safeguard their herds.
Making supply chains transparent
We want an agricultural policy that initially seeks short routes, from the producer to the processor, marketer and consumer, so that the chain of value creation can also remain within a region that is as narrowly defined as possible and strengthen it. In regional networks organised in this way, a high degree of transparency is often already given through personal contacts and can be secured through blockchain systems.
We want a supply chain law for agricultural products that, in addition to the disclosure of supply chains, includes a personnel adjustment to the scope of official auditing and monitoring.
Making seeds seed-proof
Seeds are the first step towards self-determination or external determination over our food. We PIRATES advocate the preservation and further development of the diversity of varieties of seed-proof crops. They should be available to all producers under an open-source licence for cultivation and further breeding.
No patents on life
This principle must be strictly implemented.
Use digitalisation sensibly
We see digitalisation (in) agriculture as an opportunity if it is applied in the service of the majority and without restricting self-determination. In addition to the technology-oriented view, the economic and social consequences of the digitalisation of agriculture must be discussed.
Digital applications for agriculture have enormous potential and at the same time entail enormous risks. However, it is not a matter of weighing these up against each other, but of taking a clear position and laying down rules in good time. We PIRATES demand:
all data collected with public funds and funded developments must be available as open source
open access to digital applications and open interfaces between different systems must be given and must not be restricted by patents, licensing or the like
The monopoly position of providers must be prevented by anti-trust law.
it must be ensured by law that farmers do not become dependent on individual providers as a result of data collection. data relevant to the farm must remain in the farmer's possession and be recorded in a format that makes it easy to switch to other providers.
Digital systems are to be promoted if they serve providers and users alike, e.g. relieve the latter in an increasingly condensed and bureaucratised working world or support him in making decisions in the flood of information.
Digital applications must be geared towards sustainability. Precision farming or precision livestock farming as digital means to increase efficiency in the existing system of overproduction are not.
For agriculture must always have food sovereignty in mind, i.e. the self-determined decision as to what is grown, processed and eaten locally. Digital systems are important tools for reducing the workload, administration and communication. Farmers, processors, traders and consumers must remain independent. The current path of offering food at knock-down prices worldwide, at the expense of people, animals and the natural environment, must not be fuelled by digitalisation.